Course: ……………………………………………………… Instructor: …………………………………………………………….
Name: ……………………………………………………….. Surname: ………………………………………………………………
ID Number: ………………………………………………… Date: ……………………………………………………………………..
Assignments: Yes/ No Extra credit assignment: Yes/ No
Choose True (T) or False (F) for the following statements. Mark your answers on this sheet. (35%)
[Note that there is negative grading for wrong answers. Each right answer means +1. Each wrong answer means -0,33. Each unanswered question means 0.]
1. Convergence in digital technologies refers to the production of user-generated content. T/F
2. Internet language is a new medium. T/F
3. Linguistic research proves to be useful in case of online aggression because it can replace the work of therapists, police and social workers. T/F
4. Hypertextual linking is a type of intertextuality. T/F
5. Social media do not support informal, self-generated learning. T/F
6. Informational privacy in social media can be protected via rescripting. T/F
7. Greeklish and Arabizi are cases of code-switching. T/F
8. Context collapse refers to our multiple heterogeneous social media audiences. T/F
9. Social media affordances refer to interface properties only. T/F
10. Internet language, when used in offline environments, is indexical. T/F
11. In online professional discourse, one of the challenges companies face is the merging of different audiences. T/F
12. Users can engage in political discourse online via converging. T/F
13. To reinforce interactivity on social media, companies borrow techniques from spoken conversations. T/F
14. Social media do not promote competition and consumption as ‘old’ media. T/F
15. Metalanguage online is always positive. T/F
16. Political discourse online is facilitated by low transaction costs. T/F
17. Language teachers need to develop a pedagogy where the online is optional. T/F
18. Google Translate is a form of cloud translation. T/F
19. Citizen journalists are average users who report via social media on newsworthy situations that occur in their proximity. T/F
20. Aggression is the norm online. T/F
21. When a user employs a different language online (e.g. in captions or hashtags), this means he/she is necessarily multilingual. T/F
22. Internet language is not publicly enregistered. T/F
23. Moral panics are right in arguing that digital communication is ruining language. T/F
24. The qualities of digital texts are texture, intertextuality, synchronicity, multimodality and materiality. T/F
25. Trolling is harmful in all cases. T/F
26. The qualities of online communities include space, shared practices, shared resources and support, individual identities and interpersonal relationships. T/F
27. Just showing students short clips on YouTube engages them fully with Web 2.0 affordances. T/F
28. In (online) discourse, we perform different identities for different people. T/F
29. When analyzing digital texts, semi-automated info (e.g. timestamps) and other screen layout features are of no importance. T/F
30. In node-oriented networks, individuals come together through their mutual friendship with a particular user. T/F
31. The use of social media in class can help students relate learning to their life and experiences. T/F
32. There are cases where social media make it more difficult for people to work together. T/F
33. (Hypo)criticizing is a trolling strategy. T/F
34. Social media are not useful in the maintenance of minority languages. T/F
35. When simple citizens are engaged in political discourse online, this is considered to be a form of bottom-up politics. T/F
Give short answers to the following five questions taking into account the given context. You need to answer in complete sentences. (35%)
1) Floor Jansen is a Dutch singer and songwriter. Since 2012, she has been performing as the lead vocalist of the internationally famous Finnish symphonic metal band Nightwish. On 6 December 2016 (the day Finnish celebrate their independence), Jansen posted on Instagram an image of the Finnish flag accompanied with the caption below. Jansen is a native speaker of Dutch and a fluent speaker of English, but not Finnish. Why did she opt for this Finnish-English bilingual writing?
Caption: Hyvää itsenäisyyspäivää Suomi!!!! #independanceday #Finland #recenthistory #sisu
Translation of the caption: Happy Independence Day Finland!!!! #independanceday #Finland #recenthistory #sisu (Sisu is a Finnish word which means stoic determination, bravery, and strength, and is used by Finnish people to express their national character.)
2) Danai (Greek, female, 35 years old) is an enthusiastic user of Instagram. She has posted 577 images, she has 331 followers while she follows 587 people. Last summer she posted a photograph depicting Arne Dahl’s book En midsommarnattsdrӧm (A Midsummer Night’s Dream). Bellow is the caption she wrote underneath the photograph. How is the sense of community constructed in Danai’s caption?
Caption: το ξεκίνησα χτες, το έχει διαβάσει κανείς; Εντυπώσεις;;!! Καλημέρα ☀️ #booklovers #bookworms #instavivlio #summertime
Translation of the caption: I started it yesterday, has anyone read it? Impressions??!! Good morning ☀️ #booklovers #bookworms #instavivlio (translation: instabook) #summertime
3) In 2013, the Bank of England announced that they were replacing Elizabeth Fry’s image on the £5 note with that of Winston Churchill. In response, feminist activist and journalist Caroline Criado-Perez started an online petition demanding that the Bank of England include at least one woman on their banknotes. Whilst may responded to this petition positively, Criado-Perez was also targeted with aggression on Twitter as can be seen in the tweet bellow, posted by an anonymized user. What linguistic resources are used that make this tweet aggressive?
@CCriadoPerez fuck off and die you worthless piece of crap, you’re a waste of the air, you should of just jumped infront of horses, go die!
4) Gurry (Icelander, female) posted on Flickr an image depicting some flowers. However, she could not recall the English word for the particular flowers. Bellow is the caption with which Gurry accompanied her image. How does Gurry evaluate her English and what does she try to achieve through this evaluation?
What are these thingies called? My English is on holiday today!
5) Read the following tweet concerning Theresa May’s appointment as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom in July 2016 after the Brexit result. How does the user express her emotions towards Theresa May?
MAYday MAYday: #TheresaMAY WILL be the next PM – who needs elections after the referendum MAYhem?!? Feeling utterly dismayed…
Question 3 – ONLY FOR STUDENTS WHO HAVE NOT TAKEN THE ASSIGNMENTS
Thalia is a 21-year old Australian student of Law who lives in Brisbane, Australia. She maintains the blog Butter & Brioche, where she shares baking recipes and personal thoughts. Recently she travelled to New York to receive two awards for her blog by Savuer magazine. Read an extract from her blog bellow and answer the questions Which aspects of Thalia’s identity are given prominence? What kind of resources are used for her identity construction? You need to answer in complete sentences. (30%)
[Note: Italics are added by Thalia; bold-italics-underlines indicate hyperlinks. Thalia accompanied her post with more photographs; here only one is included (overleaf).]
RHUBARB AND ROSE NAKED CAKE WITH COCONUT BUTTERCREAM
“And the day came when the risk to remain tight in a bud was more painful than the risk it took to bloom” Anaïs Nin.
It feels strange saying this but I’ve finally arrived home. Strange, because it’s been a while since I’ve been back. Strange, because I became so immersed in my travels and in this new life created that I completely forgot about what a real life should feel like. The kind of day-to-day menial real life that means this current escapism has come to an End.
End, perhaps the saddest word in any given language. Mourir, even in French it encompasses sombre tones of perished death and mourning. But, the beauty of all things, always - is that they end. Time passes and memories fade. I travel to seek difference and distance. It’s the elixir of creativity. I’ve wandered New York, looking for material to fuel future nostalgias. I’ve seen the romanticised cityscape giving way to the nectarine-sticky sky and felt a sort-of transmutational energy rising in my veins that is so rare and few-and-far between. It’s like warm light that pours over everything I am.
And I’m home now, but with something that’s imprinted in my mind forever- and that’s changed everything.
I said that when I came home, I would create something special to celebrate the Saveur win. So I came up with this Rhubarb and Rose Naked Cake with Coconut Buttercream.
I claim this every time, but it’s probably my favourite cake to date. I love the tart rhubarb that contrasts perfectly against the sweet coconut buttercream. The white cake itself is delicious too, incredibly light and fluffy. I spent a few good afternoons developing the recipe for the layers, doing cake maths and playing around with bakers ratios. It’s scientific and therapeutic - pencilling numbers onto a page, erasing and re-writing whilst at the same time trying to envision the final product.
The coconut buttercream is adapted from my friend Tessa’s book, Layered. As someone that’s so dedicated to the art of cake and in particular - swiss meringue buttercream, Layered was a natural baking resource to turn too.
I’ve always had this deep yearning to adorn flowers over everything I create; hence the arrangement of diaphanous Colombian roses here. It’s something to do with effervescence, adding a new captivating element to something already beautiful. I’ve recently re-developed a love for making tall layer cakes, so expect a few more coming in the future. But for now, this statuesque Rhubarb and Rose Naked Cake with Coconut Buttercream that’s slightly opulent and completely plush. And of course, it can be devoured too, which is always the best part.
Comments underneath the blog post
User 1: You are such a talent! I absolutely adore rhubarb, and the lighting in these photos is bomb. Hope you’re luxuriating in your well-deserved awards from home!! Xoxoxo
User 2: Beautiful, beautiful cake! I really like the idea of buttercream with coconut milk. Inspired!